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3'splice site 
3'UTR: 3'UTR.
5'splice site 
5'UTR

ABC domain
ABC protein
ABC superfamily
aberrant mRNA
abzyme
acceptor site
acceptor splice site 
activator
active center
active site
acyl- 
acylated tRNA 
affinity blotting
AFLP
AFLP fingerprints
allele 
allelomorph 
alternative splicing 
amino acid-accepting RNA 
amino acid-tRNA ligase 
aminoacyl tRNA 
aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase 
amplicon
 
amplified fragment-length polymorphism
amino acid
 
amino acid residue
amorph
amorphic mutation
annealing
annotation
anticoding strand
antibody
Anticalin
®

anticodon
antigen
antigen binding site
antigen mimicry
antigenic determinant
antiidiotype antibodies

antiport
antiporter
antisense RNA 
antisense-RNA control
antisense strand 
antitemplate strand 
antizymes
AP-PCR
apoenzyme
aptamer
arbitrarily primed PCR
Argonaute proteins 
aRNA
array
assortment
ATP-binding cassette domain
ATP-binding cassette
ATP-binding domain
automated sequencing

B

backbone 
back mutation
bacteriophage
bacteriophage vector
balanced translocation
basal apparatus
basal factors
basal transcription apparatus
base
base analog
base caller
base‑calling
base-pair substitution
biocatalyst
biochip
bioethics
bioinformaticist
bioinformatics
blot transfer
blotting
blueprint
biotechnology
boundary element
box
branch site 
bridge
bridging cross
bridging species

building block

C

call, to
canonical
canonical sequence
cap
capillary sequencing
capsid
carbohydrate backbone
cassette
cassette mutagenesis
catalytic monoclonal antibody
catalytic RNA
catalytic promiscuity
catalytic site

cDNA
cDNA library
centimorgan
chain-termination sequencing
charged tRNA
checkpoint
c
hemical sequencing method

chi sequence
chimaera
chimaeric
chimera
chimeric
chimeric antibody
chip
chondriome
chromatid
chromatin
chromatin boundary
chromosome crawling
chromosome hopping
chromosome jumping
chromosome landing
chromosome painting
chromosome parachuting
chromosome rearrangement
chromosome walking
cis-splicing
cistron
clone
clone, to
clone-by-clone sequencing
cloned DNA
cloning
closed complex
coactivator
code for, to 
coding region 
coding sequence 
coding strand 
codogenic strand 
codon 
codon bias
codon preference
codon usage
coenzyme
cofactor
cognate tRNAs
color karyotyping
24-color karyotyping
complementary DNA
complementary RNA (cRNA) 
complementary sequence 
complementary strand 
comprehensive biology
computational biologist
computational biology
conjugated protein
consensus sequence
constitutive genes
construct
contigs
coordination entity
copy DNA
core DNA
core particle
core RNA polymerase
corepressor
cosmid
co-suppression 
cotransport
countertranscript 
countertransport
coverage
CpG island
CRM

cRNA

crossing over
cross-linking
cross-react, to
cross-reacting antibody
cross-reacting antigen
cross-reacting material
cross-reactivity
curation
curator

D

data mining
degenerate
degenerate primer
deletion
denaturation 
denature, to 
deoxynucleoside triphosphate
deoxyribonuclease
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) 
deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate
derivative chromosome
ddNTP
Dicer 
dideoxy analogue
dideoxynucleoside triphosphate
dihemic
distributive enzyme
DNA 
DNA array
DNA backbone 
DNA chip
DNA cloning
DNA-dependent RNA polymerase 
DNA-directed RNA polymerase 
DNA fingerprinting
DNA ligase
DNA macroarray
DNA microarray
DNA polymerase

DNA polymerase sliding clamp
DNA profiling
DNA replication
DNA sequencing with chain-terminating inhibitors
DNA splicing 
DNase
dNTP
domain
donor site 
donor splice site 
dot blot
dot blotting
dot hybridization
double helix 
double-stranded 
double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) 
double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) 
double-stranded RNA interference 
dsDNA 
dsRNA 
dsRNA-induced gene silencing 
dsRNA trigger 
duplex 
duplex DNA
duplex RNA 
duplication

E

editing 
EF-G
electrical breakdown
electroblotting
electropermeabilization
electroporation
elicitor 
empty expression cassette
endodeoxyribonuclease
endonuclease
enhancer
envelop
enzymatic sequencing method
enzyme

epitope
EST
eukaryon
eukaryote
eukaryotic
exon 
exonuclease
exodeoxyribonuclease
exogenous DNA
expressed sequence tags
expression array:
expression cassette
expression construct
expression system
expression vector
extein

F

FISH
fluorescence in situ hybridization
fluorescent dye
fluorochrome
fluorophore
foreign DNA
forensic DNA typing
forward mutation
frameshift mutation

G

gel reading
gene 
gene array
gene bank
gene cassette
gene chip
gene cloning
gene construct
gene library
gene manipulation
gene probe
gene splicing
general recombination
generalized recombination
genEthics
genethics
genetic blueprint
genetic code

genetic engineering
genetic fingerprinting
genetic map
genetic map unit

genetic marker
genetic modification
genetic polymorphism
genetic reassortment
genetic recombination
genome
genomic annotation

genomic crawling
genomic library
genomics
genotype
genotype, to
genotyping
gRNA 
GT-AG rule
guide RNA (gRNA)

H

haem
half-chromosome
hammerhead ribozyme
hapten
HDGS 
helicase
helix-loop-helix
helix-turn-helix
heme derivatives
heme
hemes
hemo-
heteroduplex
heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP)
heterogeneous nuclear RNA (hnRNA) 
heterologous
heterologous DNA
heterozygote
hierarchical sequencing
high-throughput
high voltage electrical discharge
highly repetitive DNA 
histone
hnRNA 
hnRNP 
Hogness box
holoenzyme
homeobox
homeodomain
homeotic gene
homoeologous chromosomes
homoeology
homologous
homologous chromosome 
homologue
homologous recombination
homology
homology-dependent gene silencing (HDGS)
homozygote
hot spot
housekeeping genes
Hox gene
hybrid DNA
hybrid plasmid
hybridization probe

I

idiotope
idiotype
idiotypic determinant
illegitimate recombination
immunoblotting
immunogen
immunoglobulin
in silico
indel
independent assortment
inducer
initiation codon 
initiator tRNA 
insert
insertion
insertion sequence
inside-out PCR
insulator
integrated biology
integrative biology
integron
intein 
intelligent data analysis
intergenic
DNA 
intergenic supressor mutation
intermediate species
intervening sequence
intragenic supressor mutation
intrinsic terminator
intron 
intron-specific splicing factor
inverse PCR
inverse polymerase chain reaction
inversion
inverted PCR
inverted polymerase chain reaction
IPCR

isoaccepting tRNAs
isoschizomer

J

jumping gene
junk DNA

K

knowledge discovery
kringle domain
kringle fold

L

label
lagging strand
lambda phage
lariat
leader peptide
leader sequence
leading strand
left splice site
legitimate recombination
library
ligand
ligand blotting
linkage group
linkage map
linked genes
linker DNA
lipocalin
loci
locus
loss-of-function mutation

M

maturase
Maxam-Gilbert method
messenger interfering complementary RNA (micRNA) 
messenger RNA (mRNA) 
M-FISH
microchip
microsatellite 
microRNA 
micRNA 
minisatellite 
minus strand 
miRNA 
misacylated tRNA 
mischarged tRNA 
missense mutation
mitotic crossing over
mobile genetic element
moderately repetitive DNA
molecular beacon
molecular cloning
molecular marker
monomer molecule
moonlight, to
moonlighting
moonlighting function
moonlighting protein
morgan
mosaic
motif
mRNA
multicolor chromosome painting
multi-color chromosome painting
multicolor FISH
multicolor painting
multidisciplinary biology
multifluor FISH
multifunctional protein
multiple color FISH
multiplex FISH
multispecificity
mutase
mutation 
muton 
mutual translocation

N

nascent
NBF

negative regulator
nested genes 
nested PCR
network biology
new biology
new genetics
nitrogen base
NMD
noncoding sequence 
non-coding strand 
noncoding strand 
nondistributive enzyme
non-homologous recombination
nonprocessive enzyme

nonreciprocal translocation
nonrepetitive DNA
nonsense codon
nonsense mediated decay (NMD)
nonsense mutation
nonsense strand 
non-synonymous codons
non transcribed spacer 
nontranscribing strand
Northern blot
Northern blotting
Northern transfer
nuclease
nucleic acid
nucleic probe
nucleoside
nucleosome
nucleotide
nucleotide-binding fold
null allele
null mutation

O

Okazaki fragments
oligonucleotide
omics
open complex
open reading frame (ORF) 
operator
operon
ordered clone sequencing
ornithine decarboxylase antizyme
ORF
orthologous genes
orthologs
overlap hybridization

P

paralogous genes
paralogs
paramutation
paratope
passenger DNA
pathway
pathway biology
pattern analysis
pattern discovery
pattern recognition
PAZ domain
PCR
pentose-phosphate backbone
peptide backbone
peptide bond
peptide linkage
permease
phage
phagemid
phasmid
phenotype
phosphodiester backbone 
phosphodiester bond
physical map
Piwi box
plantibody
plasmid
plasmid vector
-plast
plastid
plastidome
plastome
plus strand 
point mutation
poly(A)
poly-A signal
poly(A) tail
polyadenilation
polycistronic mRNA
polymerase
polymerase chain reaction
polynucleotide
porter
positive regulator
postgenomic biology
post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS)
PPD proteins
pre-mRNA
pre-RISC
pre-RNA 
pre-stRNA 
precursor mRNA (pre-mRNA) 
precursor RNA 
presequence
Pribnow box
primary transcript 
primase
primer
primosome
probe
probe, to
processive enzyme
processivity
proofreading
prokaryon
prokaryote
prokaryotic
promoter
prosthetic group
protein array
protein backbone
protein intron
protein microarray
protein splicing
PTGS

Q

quantitative biology
quelling

R

random amplified polymorphic DNA
random amplification of polymorphic DNA
RAPD-PCR
RdRP
reactant
read
reading frame
reading frame shift
readthrough 
reagent
reassortant virus
rearranged chromosome
reassortant
reassorted genome
reciprocal translocation
recombinagen
recombinagenic

recombinant
recombinant DNA
recombinant DNA construct
recombinant DNA technology
recombination
recombination cloning
recombination-mediated genetic engineering
recombinator
recombineering
recombinogen
recombinogenic
recombinogenic engineering
recon
refolding
regulator gene
renaturation
repetitive DNA
replicate, to
replication fork
replisome
reporter group
repressor

restriction endonuclease
restriction enzyme
restriction fragment
restriction fragment length polymorphism
restriction map
restriction site
retrotranscriptase
reverse mutation
reverse transcriptase (RT)
reverse transcriptase PCR
reverse transcription
reversion
revertant
RFLP
rho-dependent terminator
rho-independent terminator
ribonuclease
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
riboprobe 
ribosomal RNA (rRNA) 
ribozyme
right splice site
RISC
RNA
RNA biochip
RNA chip
RNA dependent DNA polymerase
RNA-dependent RNA replicase
RNA-directed RNA polymerase (RdRP)
RNA editing 
RNAi 
RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) 
RNA interference (RNAi) 
RNA polymerase
RNA polymerase holoenzyme
RNA probe
RNA splicing 
RNase
RNAse H
rRNA 
RT-PCR

S

same-sense codons
Sanger method
satellite DNA 
satellite RNA 
satellite virus 
scaffold
scRNA
scRNP
scyrp 
Sec61
second site mutation
sequence motif
self-splicing
selfish DNA
sense codon
sense RNA
sense strand
sequenator
sequence

sequence read
sequence-contig scaffold
sequence-tagged sites
sequencer
sequencing
sequencing read
sequencing gel
short hairpin RNA (shRNA)
short tandem repeats
shotgun library
shotgun collection
shotgun method
shotgun sequencing
shRNA 
shuttle plasmid
shuttle vector
signal peptide
signal recognition particle
signal sequence
signature
signature motif
signature sequence
silencing trigger
simulation-based analysis
single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) 
single stranded DNA binding protein
single-stranded RNA (ssRNA)
siRNA 
siRNP
sister chromatids
site-specific recombination
SKY
Slicer
sliding clamp
sliding DNA clamp
slot blot
slot blotting
small cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein (scRNP, scyrp)
small cytoplasmic RNA (scRNA)
small interfering ribonucleoprotein (siRNP)
small interfering RNA (siRNA)
small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP, snurp)
small nuclear RNA (snRNA)
small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA)
small temporal RNA (stRNA)
snoRNA
snRNA
snRNP
snurp
solid-phase peptide sequencing
somatic crossing over
somatic recombination
Southern blotting
Southern blot
South-western blot
South-western blotting
spacer
spacer arm
specialized recombination
spectral karyotyping
splice site
spliceosome
splicing
splicing junction
splicing site
SRP
SSB protein
ssDNA
ssRNA
stable ternary complex
startpoint
STR
strand
start codon
Sting domain
stop codon
stRNA
stRNA precursor
structural gene
STS
substrate
sugar-phosphate backbone
supercontig
super-integron

supression
supressor mutation
symport
symporter
synonymous codons
synteny
system
systems biology

T

targeting sequence
TATA box
TATA element
termination codon 
terminator
TGS 
throughput
tissue array
tissue microarray
top-down sequencing
tracer
trailer sequence 
TRAM
transactivator
transcribed spacer 
transcribing strand
transcript
transcription
transcription factor
transcription start point
transcription unit
transcriptional gene silencing (TGS)
transcriptional unit
transesterification
transfer RNA (tRNA)
transformation
transit peptide
transgene-induced co-suppression
transgene silencing
transition
translation
translational repression
translocase
translocated chromosome
translocating chain-associated membrane protein
translocation
translocon
translocator
transmembrane translocation
transpeptidation 
transporter
transposable element
transposition
transposon
trans-splicing
transversion
trigger
triplet
tRNA
tRNAfMet
tRNAiMet

U

ultra high-throughput
unassigned reading frame (URF)
uncharged tRNA
unequal crossing-over
unequal recombination
unidentified reading frame (URF)
unigene set
uniporter
unitig
untranslated region (UTR)
URF
UTR

V

variable number of tandem repeats
variable number of tandem repeat loci
VIGS
virally induced gene silencing (VIGS)
viroid 
virusoide
VNTR

W

Western blot
Western blotting
Western transfer
whole chromosome painting
whole genome shotgun sequencing

wobble

X

Y

Z

Zwille protein